Friday, December 16, 2016

CVC Word Families

Word families, also known as phonograms, are groups of words that share the same rime, but have different onsets.  An onset is the initial sound of a word, and a rime is the vowel and consonant(s) that follow.  The _et word family, for example, would consist of words such as wet, get, set, bet, jet, etc. 

After learning to identify and produce letter sounds, exposure to word families will help build phonological awareness and decoding skills - both very important for reading fluency. 

When teaching kindergarten, I began teaching word families the second half of the school year.  More intense word family instruction would then be carried throughout the first grade.  Based on our curriculum mapping, we were to focus on a set of 5 words within each word family.  Here is a look at my CVC Word Family packets - created for our kindergarten team to implement weekly word family instruction and assessments.


Each CVC packet comes with everything you need to integrate onsets and rimes. These are examples taken from my -et word family packet.

The decodable books, in B/W, are excellent for guided reading, mini-lessons, and shared reading lessons.  One focus word is used on each page - assuring all 5 words are used throughout the book.  The text is large, which helps when learning how to track print.  The pictures are also simple, clear of clutter, to help the readers "use the pictures" as a strategy when stuck on the words. 

 


We would revisit our books throughout the week for activities such as, using highlighters to highlight the 5 word family focus words, and reading to self during Daily 5.  At the end of the week, they were able to take the books home to read to their family, or keep them in their bag of books.


The word family picture cards were displayed on  my ELA focus wall at the start of each week.  You can cut each word card out and display them in a pocket chart, or simply laminate the two sheets together to display an anchor chart of the 5 weekly focus words.  I liked the anchor chart display, because I'd simply hole punch each week's display and keep them all on one binder ring.  That way, I didn't have to search through files each week - I'd just simply turn to the next word family :)


After introducing the word family, the kids would record the words on the My ___ Word Family House worksheet.  Most of the time, I'd have them take this home on Mondays.  This way, they could show their family what the words are for the week - just in case the parents missed the newsletter ;)


These picture and word cards are great for a pocket chart activity, early-finisher task, morning activity box, or take-home activity. Each word card has the same color border as it's matching picture - excellent for self-checking center.  All five focus words are included.
The "Write and Illustrate" page is good for shared writing, mini-lessons, centers, and homework.  Student pick any one of the 5 focus words, write it in the box at the top, then write a sentence using that word. When done, they draw a picture to match the sentence.


The leveled "Sound Boxes" worksheets are excellent for phoneme segmentation. Students say the word, tap the sound boxes to segment the word, then write the word.  They can also use letter stamps, or rainbow write the words.


The tracing sound boxes are for those who need extra support.


"Write the Word" is great for homework, morning work, exit tickets, etc. I would often set this out as a quick review, mid-week, when students would come in from recess. 


Next, is the "Build a Word" activity.  Students use the letter tiles on the right to make 3 words from the word family. When done, they draw a picture to represent one of the words, and either a partner or the teacher has to guess the picture”This reinforces using detail when illustrating, and the kids get a kick out of trying to draw SO good that they don't even have to write the word ;)   


Word Family Match-up goes beyond the 5 focus words for the week.  Read the words, then draw a line to the word on the right.  This is great for building visual discrimination and accuracy.

Finally, at the end of the week, I would assess each student individually on the 5 Word Family focus words.  You could administer the writing assessment as a whole class, but I liked one-on-one assessments to assure accuracy, and watch/listen to their thoughts (mumbles) as they tried breaking apart and writing the sounds of the words. :) 

For the writing assessment, the teacher says the word for each picture, then the student writes the word independently.  There is a section for notes at the bottom - great to communicate/document and concerns or patterns observed. 

Copy the writing assessment and reading assessment back-to-back, to save on paper, assure students work is not misplaced, and save on time when entering grades.


All of these printable resources are included in EACH of my CVC Word Family packets.  You can purchase each one individually, or get everything for 17 word families in my BUNDLE
You can click on a word family below to see more.
ad ag an ap at
et  en 
og op ot 
ug in

In addition to these resources, I've also created interactive clip card activities to practice middle vowel sounds, and CVC word fluency.  You can see more about them on my Clip Cards for CVC Words post.



https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/CVC-Word-Families-BUNDLE-Short-a-e-i-o-u-932262

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